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The Resource Why the Germans? Why the Jews? : envy, race hatred, and the prehistory of the Holocaust, Götz Aly ; translated by Jefferson Chase

Why the Germans? Why the Jews? : envy, race hatred, and the prehistory of the Holocaust, Götz Aly ; translated by Jefferson Chase

Label
Why the Germans? Why the Jews? : envy, race hatred, and the prehistory of the Holocaust
Title
Why the Germans? Why the Jews?
Title remainder
envy, race hatred, and the prehistory of the Holocaust
Statement of responsibility
Götz Aly ; translated by Jefferson Chase
Title variation
Envy, race hatred, and the prehistory of the Holocaust
Creator
Contributor
Author
Translator
Subject
Language
  • eng
  • ger
  • eng
Summary
"A provocative and insightful analysis that sheds new light on one of the most puzzling and historically unsettling conundrums Why the Germans? Why the Jews? Countless historians have grappled with these questions, but few have come up with answers as original and insightful as those of maverick German historian Gotz Aly. Tracing the prehistory of the Holocaust from the 1800s to the Nazis' assumption of power in 1933, Aly shows that German anti-Semitism was--to a previously overlooked extent--driven in large part by material concerns, not racist ideology or religious animosity. As Germany made its way through the upheaval of the Industrial Revolution, the difficulties of the lethargic, economically backward German majority stood in marked contrast to the social and economic success of the agile Jewish minority. This success aroused envy and fear among the Gentile population, creating fertile ground for murderous Nazi politics.Surprisingly, and controversially, Aly shows that the roots of the Holocaust are deeply intertwined with German efforts to create greater social equality. Redistributing wealth from the well-off to the less fortunate was in many respects a laudable goal, particularly at a time when many lived in poverty. But as the notion of material equality took over the public imagination, the skilled, well-educated Jewish population came to be seen as having more than its fair share. Aly's account of this fatal social dynamic opens up a new vantage point on the greatest crime in history and is sure to prompt heated debate for years to come"--
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Writing style
Review
  • Traditionally, scholars have divided anti-Semitism into religious and racial types, but German historian Aly (Hitler's Beneficiaries) posits a third type in modern Germany, one motivated by "envy, fear of failure, resentment, and greed." He notes that modern German Jews became increasingly urbanized and tended to be better educated and more professionally successful than their largely rural gentile counterparts. In 1913, the anti-Semitic ideologue Theodor Fritsch wrote, "In the big cities... Jews and Jewish sensibilities rule, and a person accustomed to nature feels like an alien, a clueless child." Even when the educational and status gap between German Jews and gentiles narrowed starting around 1910, the Depression crushed many Germans' hopes, leading some into the Nazi Party, which strove to "replace a class-based state with a mass-based one." Aly does not ignore unadulterated racial anti-Semitism, but his focus is on how status issues often fueled it. Though prone to sweeping generalizations, Aly has written a readable, nuanced, and important work on how German Christians' longstanding obsession with German Jews so prepared the ground for Nazism that its emergence seemed almost inevitable. (Apr.) --Staff (Reviewed April 14, 2014) (Publishers Weekly, vol 261, issue 15, p)
  • /* Starred Review */ In a fluid translation, a German historian soundly explores the numerous attractions of the Nazi agenda to a deeply insecure, unsettled people. Aly (Hitler's Beneficiaries: Plunder, Racial War, and the Nazi Welfare State, 2007, etc.) rehearses many of the standard understandings of why the Germans chose the Jews as the scapegoats for all their economic and political woes of the 1920s and '30s—the "question of questions"—adding some interesting new glimmers of Holocaust research. The author reaches back to the emancipation of the Jews after the Napoleonic Wars, which freed them to join guilds and even the armed forces, helping to unleash an entrepreneurial spirit and encourage competition. While the Jews greatly benefited from these modern currents of individualism and liberalism, German Christians, weighted under static "old certainties," looking toward the government for economic protection rather than liberation, "experienced legal and material progress as personal loss." While Germany was just coalescing into a united nation, the Jews were long committed to education, learning and bettering themselves. The German senses of inferiority, political immaturity and national anxiety, combined with the resentment over the Versailles Treaty, made them receptive to the siren song of Hitler's National Socialist Party, which emphasized entitlements for the "ethnic Germans" at the expense of the interlopers, the Jews. Aly asserts that even if most Germans did not initially agree with the Nazis' virulent anti-Semitic views, they were reassured by the Nazi visions of economic progress, self-sufficiency, and upward mobility and signed up for what increasingly became clear as a "criminal collaboration" between the people and their political leadership. Aly mostly wraps things up at 1933 yet hints chillingly at how the dawning sense of transgression played in the minds of average Germans. An elegant, erudite historical survey employing deep research and excellent examples, even from the author's own family.(Kirkus Reviews, February 15, 2014)
Assigning source
Provided by publisher
http://library.link/vocab/ext/novelist/bookUI
10301992
Cataloging source
DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1947-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Aly, Götz
Dewey number
943/.004924
Index
index present
Language note
Translated from the German
LC call number
DS134.25
LC item number
.A59 2014
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Chase, Jefferson S.
http://library.link/vocab/resourcePreferred
True
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Jews
  • Jews
  • Jews
  • Jews
  • Jews
  • Jews
  • Antisemitism
  • Antisemitism
  • Germany
http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/titleRemainder
envy, race hatred, and the prehistory of the Holocaust
Label
Why the Germans? Why the Jews? : envy, race hatred, and the prehistory of the Holocaust, Götz Aly ; translated by Jefferson Chase
Link
http://www.netread.com/jcusers2/bk1388/009/9780805097009/image/lgcover.9780805097009.jpg
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Originally published as Warum die Deutschen? Warum die Juden?: Frankfurt am Main : S. Fischer, 2011
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 253-276) and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
1010001
Dimensions
25 cm
Edition
First U.S. edition.
Extent
290 pages
Isbn
9780805097009
Isbn Type
(hbk.)
Lccn
2013042037
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
System control number
(Sirsi) i9780805097009
Label
Why the Germans? Why the Jews? : envy, race hatred, and the prehistory of the Holocaust, Götz Aly ; translated by Jefferson Chase
Link
http://www.netread.com/jcusers2/bk1388/009/9780805097009/image/lgcover.9780805097009.jpg
Publication
Note
Originally published as Warum die Deutschen? Warum die Juden?: Frankfurt am Main : S. Fischer, 2011
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 253-276) and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
1010001
Dimensions
25 cm
Edition
First U.S. edition.
Extent
290 pages
Isbn
9780805097009
Isbn Type
(hbk.)
Lccn
2013042037
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
System control number
(Sirsi) i9780805097009

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