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The Resource The conquerors : Roosevelt, Truman and the destruction of Hitler's Germany, 1941-1945, Michael Beschloss

The conquerors : Roosevelt, Truman and the destruction of Hitler's Germany, 1941-1945, Michael Beschloss

Label
The conquerors : Roosevelt, Truman and the destruction of Hitler's Germany, 1941-1945
Title
The conquerors
Title remainder
Roosevelt, Truman and the destruction of Hitler's Germany, 1941-1945
Statement of responsibility
Michael Beschloss
Title variation
conquerors
Title variation remainder
Roosevelt, Truman, and the destruction of Hitlers Germany, 1941-1945
Creator
Subject
Language
eng
Writing style
Award
New York Times Notable Book, 2002
Review
  • Beschloss provides an engaging, if not revelatory, narrative of key events leading up to the conferences at Yalta (Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin) and Potsdam (Truman, Churchill, Stalin) and the Allies' decisions about how to prevent future aggression by post-WWII Germany. In his preface, Beschloss makes much of the fact that this study draws on newly released documents from the former Soviet Union, the FBI and private archives. But Beschloss has unearthed nothing to change accepted views of how FDR developed and then began to implement his vision for postwar Germany. The tales Beschloss gathers here are no different from those already told in such books as Eric Larrabee's Commander-in-Chief: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, His Lieutenants and Their War (1987) and Henry Morgenthau III's Mostly Morgenthaus: A Family History (1991). With reference to the latter volume, one of Beschloss's major subplots traces Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau Jr.'s efforts to interest FDR in a draconian, retributive plan (the "Morgenthau Plan") to destroy what little might remain of Germany's infrastructure after the war. Wisely, FDR demurred. Although breaking no new ground, this book by noted presidential historian Beschloss (who has published a trilogy on Lyndon Johnson's White House tapes) will fill the bill for those who need a readable account of how American officials and their Allied counterparts came to draw the map of postwar Europe. 16 pages of b&w photos not seen by PW. Agent, Esther Newberg. (Nov. 4) Forecast: Beschloss has a strong reputation, which means this will be widely reviewed; an 11-city author tour will also bring it to the attention of readers interested in WWII and its aftermath. --Staff (Reviewed September 30, 2002) (Publishers Weekly, vol 249, issue 39, p59)
  • That Germany is a peaceful nation today is "an important American success," one that independent historian Beschloss attributes largely to the leadership of Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman, as they sought not only to win World War II but to ensure that no future Hitler would arise, a goal Roosevelt made explicit in 1943 when he and Churchill demanded unconditional surrender. Much of the story revolves around Henry Morgenthau Jr., Roosevelt's secretary of the treasury, who tried to move FDR to save more of Europe's Jews and whose Morgenthau Plan would have turned Germany into an agrarian state. Roosevelt embraced the plan, then backed away, instead favoring a stronger Germany, cleansed of Nazism, as a barrier to the Soviets. Beschloss is the author most recently of a second volume on Lyndon Johnson's White House tapes, Reaching for Glory , and his current work is deeply researched in primary and secondary sources. Yet it is also accessible to general readers, more as a drama, with the characters developed through their words, than as a grand history with novelistic sweep. Beschloss brings a new focus to familiar material by linking the efforts of Roosevelt and Truman and effectively reminds us that Germany alone was not responsible for its postwar economic boom. Essential for most academic libraries and a fine choice for many public libraries. [Previewed in Prepub Alert, LJ 7/02.]—Robert F. Nardini, Chichester, NH --Robert F. Nardini (Reviewed November 1, 2002) (Library Journal, vol 127, issue 18, p104)
  • A lucid study of how FDR's evolving vision of postwar Europe, enacted by Truman, prevented a recapitulation of Versailles and allowed for the rise of a prosperous, democratic, peaceable Germany.Political historian Beschloss (Reaching for Glory: Lyndon Johnson's Secret White House Tapes, 1964–1965, not reviewed, etc.), both an able scholar and a gifted interpreter of the past for a popular audience, addresses episodes of wartime diplomacy that have been well studied in the professional literature. Even so, he turns up a few surprises, notably Roosevelt's changing view of how Germany would best be kept from rearming itself after Hitler's fall and starting trouble again, as seemed to be a well-established pattern. In 1943, Roosevelt was inclined to carve up postwar Germany into three or more states, "bound only by a system of common services, and strip those new states of 'all military activities' and 'armament industries' "; two years later, having gained greater insight into Josef Stalin's ambitions thanks in part to constant admonitions from Winston Churchill—who warned, presciently, "Sooner or later they will reunite into one nation. . . . The main thing is to keep them divided, if only for fifty years"—Roosevelt was inclined to a clement but firm peace that would draw the defeated nation into the Western camp. His view was sharpened when it became apparent that Stalin was eager to keep Germany whole so that it could be milked for billions of dollars in reparations and be drawn into the Soviet bloc. Roosevelt died just before Hitler's regime ended—Beschloss offers the fascinating tidbit that FDR's last act before expiring was to throw away his draft card—but the underestimated Truman did a remarkable job of negotiating a pact that "created the opportunity for the United States, Great Britain, and France . . . to create, at least in part of Germany, a democratic state whose system . . . would one day spread to the East." As it did, Beschloss observes, in some measure because of the foresight of the American leadership.An altogether valuable addition to the historical literature. (Kirkus Reviews, September 15, 2002)
Biography type
contains biographical information
http://library.link/vocab/ext/novelist/bookUI
158330
Cataloging source
DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Beschloss, Michael R
Illustrations
  • illustrations
  • maps
  • plates
Index
index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/resourcePreferred
True
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D.
  • Truman, Harry S
  • Morgenthau, Henry
  • World War, 1939-1945
  • Reconstruction (1939-1951)
  • World War, 1939-1945
  • United States
  • United States
http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/titleRemainder
Roosevelt, Truman, and the destruction of Hitler's Germany, 1941-1945
Label
The conquerors : Roosevelt, Truman and the destruction of Hitler's Germany, 1941-1945, Michael Beschloss
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 297-314) and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
439187
Dimensions
25 cm
Extent
xiv, 377 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates
Isbn
9780684810270
Lccn
2002030331
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Other physical details
illustrations, maps
System control number
(Sirsi) i9780684810270
Label
The conquerors : Roosevelt, Truman and the destruction of Hitler's Germany, 1941-1945, Michael Beschloss
Publication
Copyright
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 297-314) and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
439187
Dimensions
25 cm
Extent
xiv, 377 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates
Isbn
9780684810270
Lccn
2002030331
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Other physical details
illustrations, maps
System control number
(Sirsi) i9780684810270

Library Locations

    • Central LibraryBorrow it
      710 W. Cesar Chavez St, Austin, TX, 78701, US
      30.2713021 -97.7460168
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